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PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND UNIONS. Introduction-> Professional organisations provide a means through which your own professional development can be channelled with authority because of their representative character. It provides you an opportunity to express your view Point, develop your leadership qualities and abilities and keep you well informed of professional trends and news. Definition Of Organisation-> “Organisation is the arrangement of personnel for facilitating the accomplishment of some agreed purpose through allocation of functions and responsibilities.” (According To L.WHITE.) Definition Of Regulatory Body-> “A regulatory body is a public authority or government agency responsible for exercising autonomous authority over some areas of human activity in a regulatory or supervising capacity.” OR “Regulatory body is the formal organization designated by a statute or an authorized government agency to implement the regulatory forms and process whereby order, consistency and control are brought to the profession and its practice”. VITAL ROLE OF REGULATORY BODY:- To ensure the publics light to quality health care service. To support and assist professional members. Set and enforce standards of nursing practice. Monitor and enforce standards of nursing practice. Monitor and enforce standards for nursing education. Set the requirements for registration of nursing profession. MAJOR TYPES OF REGULATING BODIES:- >International Council For Nurses. >Indian Nursing Council. >State Nursing Council. >Trained Nurses Association Of India. >Student Nursing Association. >Maharashtra University Of Health Sciences. >National League For Nursing. *INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR NURSES:- The international council of nurses, founded in 1899 by Mrs.Bedford Fenwick, is a federation of non political and self-governing national nurses association. The head quarters are in geneva,Switzerland. The main purpose of the ICN is to provide a mean through which the national associations can share their interest in the promotion of health care of the sick. Worlds first largest international organization for health. Represents 16 million international nurses. 130 national nurses organization. OBJECTIVES OF ICN:- 1. Quality nursing care for all. 2. Sound health policies. 3. Advancement of nursing knowledge. 4. Competent & Satisfied work force. FUNCTIONS OF ICN:- .To promote the development of strong national nurses associations. .To assist national nurses association to improve the standards of nursing and the competencies of nurses. .To assist national nurses associations to improve the status of nurses within their countries. .To serve as the authoritative voice for nurse and nursing internationally. *INDIAN NURSING COUNCIL:- The Indian nursing council was authorized by the Indian Nursing Act of 1947. It was established in 1949 to providing uniform standards in nursing education and reciprocity in nursing registration through out the country. Nurses registered in one stat were not necessarily recogonized for registration in another state before this time. AIMS:- *To establish a uniform standard of training for nurses midwives and health visitors. *INC is a regulatory body for nurses and nursing education in india. *It is an autonomous body under the government of india, ministry of health and family affairs. PURPOSES OF INC:- 1)Uniform standards of education. 2)Indian Nursing Register. 3)Registration of foreign nurses. FUNCTIONS OF INC:- . It provide uniform standards of in nursing education and reciprocity in nursing registration. . It has authority to prescribe curriculum for nursing education in all states. . It has authority to recognize programme for nursing education to refuse recognition of a programme if it did not meet the standards required by the council. . To provide the registration of foreign nurses and for the maintenance of the Indian nurses register. The INC authorizes state nurses registration council and examining board to issue qualifying certificates. COMMITTEES OF INC:- 1)Executive committee. 2)Nursing Education committee. 3)Equivalence committee. 4)Finance committee. TYPES OF INSPECTION:- 1)FIRST INSPECTION- The first inspection is conducted on the receipt of proposal. 2)RE-INSPECTION- Re-inspections are conducted for those institutions, which are found unsuitable by INC. 3)PERIODIC INSPECTION- INC conducts the periodical inspections once the institution is found suitable by INC. PROGRAMMES UNDER INC:- ANM: 1 and a half year. GNM: Three and a half years. P.B.BSC(N): 2 Years. B.S.C(N): 4 years. M.S.C(N): 2 Years. M.PHIL: 1 Year. DOCTORATE IN NURSING: 3 To 5 years. *TRAINED NURSES ASSOCIATION OF INDIA:- > Formed in 1908 at delhi, india. > It is a national body of practitioners of nursing at various levels. > It is a professional association of nurses. > The level of organization moves to the district, state and national levels. > Members of TNAI are usually most active on the level of the local unit. > Activities and conference however planned regularly by the state branches and provide opportunities for valuable professional participation and development of the individual member. AIMS OF TNAI:- 1)Upgrading development and standardization of nursing education. 2)Improvement of living and working conditions of nurses in india. 3)Registration for qualified nurses. FUNCTIONS OF TNAI:- *upgrading development and standardization of nursing education. *Improvement of living and working condition for nurses in india. * Registration for qualified nurses. * It has promoted the development of courses in higher education for nurses. * It gives scholarships for nurses who wish to go on for advanced study. * Helped to organize the state nurse and midwives registration council. * Helps to develop leadership ability. * Helps to share and solve professional problems. * Helped to remove discrimination against male nurses. * Helped to improve economic conditions for nurses. * The official organ of TNAI is the nursing journal of india which is published monthly. ORGANISATION OF TNAI. It consists of:- 1)President. 2) Vice President. 3) Honorary Treasurer. 4) Secretary General. 5)Assistant Secretaries. 6)Branch/Joint Secretaries. MEMBERSHIP:- Full Members-> Fully qualified registered nurses. Associate Members-> Health visitors, midwives and ANMs. Affiliate Members-> Student nurses and members of affiliated organizations. BENEFITS OF TNAI MEMBERSHIP. *Holding national level conferences. *Low cost publications for members and students. * Continuing education programmes for updating knowledge. *Socio-economic welfare programmes. *Research studies are conducted regularly for benefit of members. * Scholarship for TNAI members and student nurses. *Annual grant to state branches to hold activities. *The guest room facilities at the headquarters and also in some states. *Nurses day celebration at rashtrapathi bhavan every year. * STUDENT NURSING ASSOCIATION:- > Student nurses association was established in 1929 at the annual conference of Trained Nurses Association of India. -> Organisation of meetings and conferences. -> Maintenance of SNA diary. -> Socio cultural and recreational activities. -> Fund raising. -> Public speaking and writing. -> Exhibition. -> Professional activity. OBJECTIVES OF SNA:- . To uphold the dignity and ideals of the profession. . Promote a corporative spirit. . Furnish nurses. . Encourage leadership ability. . Increase the students social contacts & knowledge. . Provide a special section. COMMITTEES OF SNA:- Committees of SNA are:- *Hostel committees. * Mess committees. * Counselling committees. * Health committees. * Culture committees. *Recreation and sport committees. * Gardening committees. *MAHARASHTRA UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCE:- Maharashtra university of health sciences(MUHS)is located in nashik district,maharashtra,India. The university was established on 3 june 1998 by the state government of maharashtra through an ordinance. The state legislature passed maharashtra university of health sciences act 1999 and received the assent of the governor,in the maharashtra government gazette on 21 january 1999. The university was declared open by the governor of maharashtra on june 10,1998 and all colleges and institutions imparting education in health science in the state of maharashtra have beeen affiliated to this new university. FUNCTIONS OF MUHS:- >To make provision to enable conducted and affiliated colleges and recognized institutions to undertake specialized studies. >To establish,maintain and manage university departments, laboratories, libraries, museums and equipments for teaching or research. > To organize maintain and manage colleges institutions, hostels, he, centres, auditoria and gymnasiums. > To create posts of directors, principals, teachers and non teaching staffs in the colleges or institutions. > To control and regulate admission of students for various courses or study in university departments, conducted and affiliated college, institutions. > To monitor and evaluate the academic performance of affiliated colleges. > To provide for periodical assessment of the performance of teachers and non-teaching employees of the colleges. ORGANISATION CHART. PRESIDENT. ↓ VICE PRESIDENT. ↓ SECRETARY. ↓ ASST.SECRETARY. ↓ OTHER STAFF MEMBERS-15 BIRTH OF WHO. Origin in April 1945—at san francisco. Formal existence as specialized agency .....April, 1948. Celebrated as “WORLD HEALTH DAY.” WHO. A specialized, non-political health agency of united nations, with headquarters at Geneva. WHO is unique among the UN specialized agencies: .Own membership. .Own governing bodies. . Own budget. OBJECTIVE:- *The attainment by all peoples of highest level of health set out in the preamble of the constitution. * Health for all by 2000 AD. MEMBERSHIP:- open to all countries. ASSOCIATE MEMBERS:- Territories which are not responsible for their conduct in international relations. STRUCTURE OF WHO:- Three official organs are:- The world Health Assembly. The Executive Board. The Secretariat. WORLD HEALTH ASSEMBLY. It meets annually, generally at head quarters. The assembly is composed of delegates from member states. Functions are:- *To determine international health policy and programmes. * To review the work of past year. * To approve the budget needed for the following years. * To elect member states to designate a person for 3 years on executive board. THE EXECUTIVE BOARD. >The board originally had 18 members, each designated by member states. > Now, it has been increased to 31….no less than 3 members are to be elected from WHO regions. > The members are to be technically qualified in the field of health. >The board meets twice a year but one this of membership is renewed every year. > It is to give effect to the decisions and policies of assembly. And the board has powers to take actions itself in an emergency such as epidemics. THE SECRETARIAT. >It is healed by director general who is chief technical and administrative officer of the organization. >Prime function is to provide member states with technical and managerial support for their national health development programmes. >At headquarters, there are 5 assistant director generals, each of whom is responsible for the work of such divisions, as assigned by the director general. WHO REGIONS:- Regional organizations are an integral part of WHO….to meet special health needs of different areas. Headed by regional director, who is assisted by technical and administrative officers and members of secretariat. Regional committee: composed of representatives of member states in the region. Meet once a year to review and plan the health work. REGIONS South East Asia Africa America Europe Eastern Mediterranean western pacific. HEADQUARTERS New Delhi. Horare(Zimbabwe). Washington DC(USA). Copenhagen(Denmark). Alexandria. Manila. WORK OF WHO. PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF SPECIFIC DISEASES:- *Epidemiological Surveillance- To ensure maximum security against international spread of diseases. *Fight Against Non-Communicable Problems- Like cancer, genetic disease etc. *Expanded Programme On Immunization. * DEVELOPMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE HEALTH SERVICES:- It includes:- >Organizing health systems based on primary health care. > Development of health manpower and utilization. > Building of long term national capability. > Health services research. > Appropriate technology for health(ATH):-New programme by WHO to encourage self sufficiency in solving health problems. * ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH:- > Health Statistics:- WHO has been concerned with dissemination of wide variety of statistics related to health problems. *Weekly epidemiological record. * World health statistics quarterly. * World health statistics annual. * BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH:- It has:- 1) Regional advisory committees on health: defines regional health priorities. 2) Global advisory committee: deals with policy issues of global impart. *FAMILY HEALTH:- Health Literature &Information:- *WHO acts as clearing house for information on health problems. *MEDLARS(Medical Literature Analysis& Retrieval system)-fully computerized system of us national library of medicine on international basis. *WHO has public information centres at headquarters& each of six regional offices.


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