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ADOLESCENCE ASSESSMENT. DEFINITION – Adolescence derived from the Latin word “Adolescere” which means to grow into maturity. It is a biosocial transition from childhood to adulthood. Adolescence refers to the behavioural characteristics of this period that are influenced by physical and cultural changes. Period of rapid physical and biological changes with may leads to competence, tension, frustration and feeling of insecurity. Adolescence is a period of stress and strain, storm and strife. ADOLESCENCE AGE – 13 TO 18 YEAR OLD. .PHYSICAL GROWTH. . PHYSICOLOGICAL GROWTH. . SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS. . COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT. . EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT. .SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. PHYSICAL GROWTH. HEIGHT:- .Height of grails will be maximum between the age 16-17. By the age of 13, the adolescence triples his birth length. . Males gains 10-30 cm in height. . Females gains less height than makes as they gain 5 to 20cm. .Growth in height ceases at 16 or 17 years in females and 18 to 20 in males. WEIGHT:- .Growth spurt begins earlier in girls (10-14 years, while it is 12-16 in boys). .Males gains 7 to 30 kg, female gains 7 to 25 kg. . Trunk broadens. .Digestive, circulatory and responding system fully develops. . Body tissues, skeleton starts growing. .Tissues other than bones continue to develop. APPEARANCE OF SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS. *Secondary sex characteristics in girls:- .Increases in transverse diameter of the pelvis. .Development of the breasts. .Change in the vaginal secretions. .Growth of public and axillary hair. .Menstruation( first menstruation is called menarche, which occurs between 12 to 13 years). .Endocrine system temporary imbalance of the entire endocrine system in early adolescence and sex grounds become functional. *Secondary sex characteristics in boys:- . Increase in size of genitalia. . Swelling of the breast. . Growth of pubic, axillary, facial and chest hair. . Change in voice. . Rapid growth of shoulder breadth. . Production of spermatozoa(which is sign of puberty). EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT:- *This period is heightened emotions, glands function comes under socials pressure. *Problem related to romance. *Easily excited and explode emotionally(14 years). *Temper tantrums, mood swing. *Intense self consciousness. *Day dreaming in common. *Adolescent exhibits alternating and recurrent episodes of disturbed behaviour with periods of quite one. He may become hostile or ready to fight, complain or resist everything. ADOLESCENT PERIOD IS ALSO CALLED:- . Period of temporary insanity. . Period of 4s(stress, storm, stream and strife). . Increased compassion patterns, love, anger, jealousy. . Emotion of love. . Auto-egotism(self love). . Homo- sexuality. . Hetero sexuality. INTELLECTUAL OR MENTAL CHARACTERISTICS. . Development of intelligence. . Increases in span of attention. . Development of memory. . Development of imagination. .Widening of interest. PEERS:- . As adolescence approaches, the family’s influence diminishes. .The peer group becomes an important social force. . The need for peer approval can affect decisions concerning participation in physical activity positively or negatively. SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT:- He needs to know “who he is” in relation to family and society, i.e., he develops a sense of identity. If the adolescent is unable to formulate a satisfactory identity from the multi-identifications, sense of self –confusion will be developed according to Erikson: Adolescent shows interest in other sex. He looks for close friendships. ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES. EARLY(10-14 YEARS). MIDDLE(15-17 YEARS). LATE(>17 YEARS). NEEDS OF ADOLESCENTS:- 1.)PRIMARY OR PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS(OXYGEN,WATER,FOOD,REST AND SLEEP). * Rest needs is about 8 hrs. * Separate physical education programs. 2.) SECONDARY OR SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS). * A balance between security and freedom. * Need for love. * Need for approval. * Need for self-expression. * Different types of co-curricular activities are needed for providing new experiences and utilising energy. * Sex education on the suitable basis is needed. * Unobtrusive adult guidance is needed. * Need for freedom from dependence. * Need for association with the opposite sex. * Needs for self support. * Needs for philosophy of life. COMMON PROBLEM OF ADOLESCENCE. *Aggressiveness or withdrawal. * Rebellious Attitude. * Physical Awkwardness. * Excessive-day dreaming. * Economic Independence. * Emotional Tension. * Personal Appearance. * Morphological/developmental problem. * Psychological problems. * Social. * Educational. ROLE OF THE TEACHER IN SOLVING THE PROBLEMS. . Proper Physical Development. .Proper Mental Development. .Proper Emotional Development. .Proper Social Development. Lecture cum discussion Lecture cum discussion Lecture cum discussion Lecture cum discussion


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