Skip to main content

DEMONSTRATION ON ADOLESCENT ASSESSMENT.

ADOLESCENCE ASSESSMENT. DEFINITION – Adolescence derived from the Latin word “Adolescere” which means to grow into maturity. It is a biosocial transition from childhood to adulthood. Adolescence refers to the behavioural characteristics of this period that are influenced by physical and cultural changes. Period of rapid physical and biological changes with may leads to competence, tension, frustration and feeling of insecurity. Adolescence is a period of stress and strain, storm and strife. ADOLESCENCE AGE – 13 TO 18 YEAR OLD. .PHYSICAL GROWTH. . PHYSICOLOGICAL GROWTH. . SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS. . COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT. . EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT. .SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT. PHYSICAL GROWTH. HEIGHT:- .Height of grails will be maximum between the age 16-17. By the age of 13, the adolescence triples his birth length. . Males gains 10-30 cm in height. . Females gains less height than makes as they gain 5 to 20cm. .Growth in height ceases at 16 or 17 years in females and 18 to 20 in males. WEIGHT:- .Growth spurt begins earlier in girls (10-14 years, while it is 12-16 in boys). .Males gains 7 to 30 kg, female gains 7 to 25 kg. . Trunk broadens. .Digestive, circulatory and responding system fully develops. . Body tissues, skeleton starts growing. .Tissues other than bones continue to develop. APPEARANCE OF SECONDARY SEX CHARACTERISTICS. *Secondary sex characteristics in girls:- .Increases in transverse diameter of the pelvis. .Development of the breasts. .Change in the vaginal secretions. .Growth of public and axillary hair. .Menstruation( first menstruation is called menarche, which occurs between 12 to 13 years). .Endocrine system temporary imbalance of the entire endocrine system in early adolescence and sex grounds become functional. *Secondary sex characteristics in boys:- . Increase in size of genitalia. . Swelling of the breast. . Growth of pubic, axillary, facial and chest hair. . Change in voice. . Rapid growth of shoulder breadth. . Production of spermatozoa(which is sign of puberty). EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT:- *This period is heightened emotions, glands function comes under socials pressure. *Problem related to romance. *Easily excited and explode emotionally(14 years). *Temper tantrums, mood swing. *Intense self consciousness. *Day dreaming in common. *Adolescent exhibits alternating and recurrent episodes of disturbed behaviour with periods of quite one. He may become hostile or ready to fight, complain or resist everything. ADOLESCENT PERIOD IS ALSO CALLED:- . Period of temporary insanity. . Period of 4s(stress, storm, stream and strife). . Increased compassion patterns, love, anger, jealousy. . Emotion of love. . Auto-egotism(self love). . Homo- sexuality. . Hetero sexuality. INTELLECTUAL OR MENTAL CHARACTERISTICS. . Development of intelligence. . Increases in span of attention. . Development of memory. . Development of imagination. .Widening of interest. PEERS:- . As adolescence approaches, the family’s influence diminishes. .The peer group becomes an important social force. . The need for peer approval can affect decisions concerning participation in physical activity positively or negatively. SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT:- He needs to know “who he is” in relation to family and society, i.e., he develops a sense of identity. If the adolescent is unable to formulate a satisfactory identity from the multi-identifications, sense of self –confusion will be developed according to Erikson: Adolescent shows interest in other sex. He looks for close friendships. ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENTAL STAGES. EARLY(10-14 YEARS). MIDDLE(15-17 YEARS). LATE(>17 YEARS). NEEDS OF ADOLESCENTS:- 1.)PRIMARY OR PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS(OXYGEN,WATER,FOOD,REST AND SLEEP). * Rest needs is about 8 hrs. * Separate physical education programs. 2.) SECONDARY OR SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL NEEDS). * A balance between security and freedom. * Need for love. * Need for approval. * Need for self-expression. * Different types of co-curricular activities are needed for providing new experiences and utilising energy. * Sex education on the suitable basis is needed. * Unobtrusive adult guidance is needed. * Need for freedom from dependence. * Need for association with the opposite sex. * Needs for self support. * Needs for philosophy of life. COMMON PROBLEM OF ADOLESCENCE. *Aggressiveness or withdrawal. * Rebellious Attitude. * Physical Awkwardness. * Excessive-day dreaming. * Economic Independence. * Emotional Tension. * Personal Appearance. * Morphological/developmental problem. * Psychological problems. * Social. * Educational. ROLE OF THE TEACHER IN SOLVING THE PROBLEMS. . Proper Physical Development. .Proper Mental Development. .Proper Emotional Development. .Proper Social Development. Lecture cum discussion Lecture cum discussion Lecture cum discussion Lecture cum discussion

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF NURSING PERSONNEL IN INFORMATION, EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION(IEC)

INTRODUCTION OF IEC:- The importance of health education has been increasingly realized during the last three decades so much that health education has emerged as a speciality in itself. DEFINITION OF IEC:-  Information education and communication is an  approach which attempts to change or reinforce a set of behaviour in a target audience regarding a specific problem in a predefined period of time. OBJECTIVES OF IEC:- >Increase reach of services. >Improve the quality of services. >Make supervision more oriented towards problem solving. >Link supervision with training at various level. >Concentrate on local field problems both for development of training materials and their users. >Combine interpersonal communication strategy with mass media approach. >Improve performance level through continuous with village community volunteers. IMPORTANCE OF IEC:- 1)It create awareness, increase knowledge and change attitudes. 2) It is not expensive. 3)It ens

SEMINAR ON TELEMEDICINE.

SECRET OF A NURSE THAT CHANGES THE LIFE OF A RICH BOY.

Rich boy SECRET OF A NURSE THAT CHANGES THE LIFE OF A RICH BOY. A 22 years old boy who was rich and billionaire and he lookafter the business of his father who died and he is the only son of his father and his mother already get died at the time of his birth due to cancer. And he is having girl friend and he loves her alot and gives her expensive gifts and clothing.  One day that boy has been bankrupted due to he get loss in business because his secretary cheated him. He was very much depressed and she met her girlfriend and told about his bankruption then after listening about his bankruption she left her and told her not to contact her again so he was very much depressed and he became addict of alcohol  and drugs also.  Money Bank Then his financial condition becomes very poor and one day he got drunk and walking on the road and a car came with speed and hit him from the back and  he fell down and blood flows from his body and he was severly get injured so the peoples crossing f